Colorectal Polyps in Arizona
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What are colorectal polyps?
Colon and rectal polyps, often called colorectal polyps, are a frequent occurrence found in adults. The label “colorectal” references the colon as well as the rectum. Several conditions that include the colon also include the rectum, which is why they are typically mentioned together. A colorectal polyp is a polyp that presents in either the rectum or the colon. A polyp is a growth comprised of a grouping of cells on the lining of the rectum or colon.
Polyps on their own are mostly harmless and commonly do not lead to symptoms; however, colon polyps should be removed because they can, eventually, become cancerous. To identify colon polyps, the GI doctors at Arizona Digestive Health regularly perform colonoscopy procedures. Please get in touch with our office to arrange for a colonoscopy in Phoenix, AZ.
What causes colorectal polyps?
Colorectal polyps grow when cells divide or grow more than they should. The world of medicine remains without proof as to why this happens, but, there are relationships and risk factors that are common among people who live with colon polyps.
Some of the risk factors for colon polyps include:
- Tobacco use
- Genetic history
- Having a personal or family history of colorectal polyps
- Ulcerative colitis
- Type 2 diabetes
- “Typical Western diet” (high fat, low fiber)
- Heavy alcohol consumption
- Crohn's disease
- Being over 45 years of age
Inherited genetic conditions can elevate a person's chance of experiencing colorectal polyps. Such conditions may include:
- Peutz-Jeghers syndrome
- Serrated polyposis syndrome
- MYH-associated polyposis (MAP)
- Lynch syndrome
- Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP)
- Gardner’s syndrome
What are the symptoms of colon and rectal polyps?
Many instances of colon polyps do not produce symptoms. If symptoms are being experienced, some of the most common symptoms of colon polyps include:
- Abdominal pain
- Blood in the stool
- Shortness of breath
- Iron deficiency/anemia
- Diarrhea (lasting for more than one week)
If you experience any of the above symptoms, are 45 years of age or older, have a family history of colon cancer or colorectal polyps, and are in the Phoenix, AZ area, please reach out to our location to learn more about colon cancer screenings.
What if a physician detects polyps during a colonoscopy?
It is not unusual to find polyps in conjunction with a colonoscopy, and many times, polyps are benign (not cancerous). Polyps located during a colonoscopy will frequently be extracted during the course of a colonoscopy (polypectomy) and evaluated for signs of cancer. If your colon polyps are determined to be non-malignant, then your physician might recommend routine colon cancer screenings moving forward. If any polyp is found to be malignant (cancerous), you and your Arizona Digestive Health doctor will make a plan with the most advantageous steps moving forward.
The typical way to address colon or rectal polyps is by removing them. During a colonoscopy (or flexible sigmoidoscopy), polyps in your colon and rectum can be excised in a procedure called a polypectomy. In less common situations, part or all of your rectum or colon may require removal.
Find treatment for colon or rectal polyps
Colon and rectal polyps can be identified, excised, and tested for cancer at a routine colonoscopy exam. As part of a physician-led group of gastrointestinal specialists, Arizona Digestive Health strives to provide a patient-focused experience. To discover more about colon and rectal polyps and how they may be detected and excised, please contact our gastroenterology facility in Phoenix, AZ today.
Dr. Tharalson is the epitome of a caring doctor. I was diagnosed with Lung Cancer this year and it was typed as lung cancer with a colonic/intestinal marker. Dr. Tharalson arranged for me to have an endoscopy and colonoscopy within 2 days. Two polyps were found with none being cancerous. I recommend Dr. Tharalson for his patient centric care.
Dr Lam and her staff are awesome. Dr Lam found a marble size tumor on my stomach from a cat scan, which in turn lead her to find polyps and a cancerous tumor on my colon, she and her staff saved my life. I recomend her to all my friends and family
Dr. Labowitz saved my life. I had been going to another doctor who kept telling me I had polyps which he removed but the pain & constipation continued for almost 2 years! Dr. Labowitz performed a colonoscopy & found a pre cancerous growth inside the small colon toward the appendix. She immediately told me I had to get surgery right away. I did and was told it would have developed into cancer. Thank God that Dr. Labowitz is thorough & knows what shes doing. I honestly believe I wouldn't be writing this today if it weren't for changing doctors. I will always be grateful.